In NYU Tandon School of Engineering’s second, eagerly anticipated Sloan Cyber Security Lecture, the National Security Agency’s Information Assurance Director discusses current cyber security threats, vulnerabilities and trends. Debora A. Plunkett outlines critical steps that must be taken to ensure our nation is ready to meet future cyber security challenges. While exploring key technology trends affecting our security posture, IA Director Plunkett highlights the importance of building a robust cyber workforce. Continuing the theme covered by the first lecture in the series, Ms. Plunkett underscores the essential importance of strong industry, government, and academic partnerships, and highlights the tactical benefits of information sharing. The lecture concludes with a call to introduce standard processes and practices, across industry and government, to combat the growing cyber threat.